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North American Open Educational Research Journal

Vol. 1, No. 1, November 2014

Table of Contents


Pedagogical Practices that Hamper Effective Teaching and Learning of Biology in Secondary Schools in Migori District, Kenya

Authors: Eunice O. A., Dr. Khatete, D. W. and Dr. Ondigi, S. R. 

Pages: 1 - 12


Biology is a very potent tool for social and economic changes in the contemporary world. However, students constantly display low achievement in the subject at KCSE level countrywide and majorly in Migori district. Teaching techniques are an important focus of national and local policy. Reforms and actions aim to promote high-quality teaching in classrooms and team work both at school level and nationally. In order to tailor policies and interventions to the needs of different stakeholders and to improve teaching and learning of students, it is important to understand comprehensively what is happening in the classroom and schools in general. This study aimed at contributing to this knowledge base. The study employed a descriptive survey design and a sample size of 28% and three hundred and eighty five (385) respondents. The research instruments used included questionnaires for Biology teachers and students, interview schedules for principals and Disrict Education Officer and observation checklists for theory and practical lessons. The theoretical framework of the study was based on the knowledge that modified human behavior leads to prediction and control over performance and learning. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics; frequencies and percentages were used to describe the findings according to the various variables under study. The findings of the study established use of inappropriate teaching techniques to be one of the major factors contributing to poor achievement in Biology in Migori district. Therefore, the following recommendations were made: more practical activities be carried out in the teaching of the subject in the schools, school administration to provide for the resources in the school budgets, seminars, workshops, and other in-service courses should be intensified by the Ministry of Education to encourage Biology teachers’ creativity and innovation in teaching and that teachers to be consistent in the use of resources.

Keywords: Techniques, hamper, effective teaching, learning, education, achievement, instruction


Authors: Dumitriu, Gh., Postolică, V.

Pages: 1 - 5


The general education systems, in particular, the education technologies cannot be described without a penetrative study of its research, the economic, political and social context. A universe of components like objects, persons, events, dynamical phenomena and many other strong relations between them has to be taken into account to carry out such a study as this. These form a complex system usually referred to as the Education System (ES). Therefore, the research on (ES) modelling methodology can provides as consequences strategies to foresight and planning the future development of the corresponding information technologies in (ES) named by us (ITE). At the same time, we appreciate that, indifferently of the existence domain, the performance is a measure of the risk and conversely. “Risk” is a term that was applied initially when the probabilities of the results were known objectively .Although, it was described by “the possibility of something bad”, and “uncertainty” is accepted only for the problems in which there are real alternatives with multiple possible effects. Hence, the risk is an essential element to any human project and not only. Consequently, it must to be estimated and minimized by the efficiency following the proper equivalences. This is a study containing a new proposal to investigate and promote the Science Education by a simultaneous max - min mathematical model of the performance, being based on the abilities and to promote the proper corresponding implications.

Keywords: science education, performance, risk, mathematical model.